Black flowers – it’s stylish


Mysterious ” brunette ”
Once the Internet came across a very strange and gloomy idea how to create a flower bed in the Gothic style . Copyright advised to fill the garden instead of boring pansies and marigolds ” magical ” plants, which, according to legend, served as a refuge for evil spirits , witches and elves. Exacerbate the effects of the proposed planting plants with black flowers and leaves .
The idea seemed eerie . Medieval horror, mystery cemetery , Straseni view of modern ready – this is not for the average grower cheerful . But the desire to “play” with unusual black flowers since haunted .
First interest in plants with black leaves and flowers worn purely theoretical nature : I wanted to see how many of these plants and how they can be used in the garden. Lucky because came across a great book Black Magic and Purple Passion (« Black Magic and Purple Passion” ) . It turned out that the author , an Englishwoman Karen Platt – owner of the world’s only nursery specializing in the sale of dark-colored plants.
Unsurpassed expert and tireless promoter of black plants, Karen Platt not only grows a huge amount of ” terriers “, writes about them books and lectured all over the world, but also established the International Society for lovers of black plants (International Black Plant Society). The main objectives of the society : the exchange of experience growing plants of dark , searching for new plants in his beloved black scheme and their “promotion” in the world.
And own garden, and gardens , projected to order, Karen Platt draws with a large number of “black” trees, shrubs and flowers. However, she claims that their black color is not dark, and “mysterious , indulgent, elegant , trendy and nostalgic at the same time .” And ” sexy .”
The book describes 2750 “dark” plants, so that the choice is huge , and “play” with what will be .

Cerny there really black? Of course not. Opportunities pigment system of plants is very high , but this painting petals she can not provide. However, many ornamental plants are so dark blue , dark brown and dark cherry flowers, they really look black .
Outdoor practice has shown that cultivation of plants with black flowers – some fun , because it allows you to create and flower gardens , and floral composition with amazing combinations. The simplest solution and the most common – a combination of white and black colors. Such contrasting compositions are always very curious in terms of style : they are solemn , they are characterized by dramatic and philosophical simplicity. After all, our whole life is full of contrasts .

Tacca holophylla (Tacca integrifolia), or “white bat .” The plant belongs to the family takkovye (Taccaceae), native to India and Malaysia. It was first described in the early XIX century.
This plant is really striking . Tremendous rosette of broad glossy leaves, absolutely amazing shape , just fantastic flower. Flower Tucci in this arrow length is 80-100 cm, and crowned her whether huge butterfly , or strange bird with two covers – “wings” , each of which is 15-18 cm in width from under these “wings” peep real Tacky flowers like purple bells . A complete a picture long (50-60 cm) bracts threadlike strand dark purple ( in some forms , they can be white ) hanging down.


The most interesting houseplant with black flowers – it Shantre Tacca .
Yes, the original flower , similar to Tuck holophylla , but smaller. Yes, the blackest black , but it is very gloomy.
Tacca Shantre was opened relatively recently, in the late XIX century. Title in 1901 received from the French botanist , very famous landscape designer and architect Edward Andre. And he named it in honor of his friends , brothers Shantre French gardeners .

Rhode Tacca ( ​​TASS) has about ten species, of which nine – the inhabitants of the Old World tropics , and only one species – Tacca Parker ( T. parkeri), native to tropical South America (Venezuela , Guyana , Colombia and Northern Brazil) . Tacky leontolepestkovidnoy area ( T. leontopetaloides) extends from the west coast of tropical Africa to Easter Island , including Madagascar , Seychelles and Mascarene Islands , South West and South Asia , the island of Sri Lanka, Malaise , Northern Australia and the Pacific Islands . Eight species live mainly in South and Southeast Asia : Eastern India, Bangladesh , Thailand, South China, the Malay Peninsula , Sumatra and Kalimantan , in the western part of Java Island .
In nature, a rare flower , some botanists say about him as a vanishing . It should be noted that of the flower lovers still a rarity .

If you do decide to settle at home these tropical beauties , remember: they are all beautiful and very capricious. That’s the minimum that you need to know to Tacky you accustomed.
First, very Tacky need high humidity, then all good – from frequent spraying with warm water and a soft wide open containers of water on the window sill to the steam generators or separate small hothouses .
Second, much attention should be paid to the root system of plants , because roots tend to rot Tuck in adverse conditions. The pot should match the size of the root system of the plant . Tacky is needed for planting loose, air-and water-permeable substrate , the reaction mixture should be slightly acidic . Watering is very neat : the substrate must dry out slightly between hydrated.
Third, the light must be provided for Tacky scattered , western orientation window is best . My personal experience has shown that very beneficial Tacke weak supplementary lighting red LEDs .
And Tacke need a period of winter dormancy : temperature 20 ° C, moderate watering , good circulation of humidified air .
Tacca dislikes annual transplant ( recommended to do it in two or three years) , the excess nitrogen fertilizer , drafts , direct sunlight , excessive heat in summer and cold in winter . In short, if you do not have sufficient experience in floriculture and mass leisure time indulging the whims of exotic beauties, do as I : admire this amazing creation in a botanical garden .

Tacca Shantre – a perennial plant with a strong vertical rhizome up to 10 cm long. Leaves, which at 3-12 in basal rosette , diverse forms , but often oblong-ovate or elliptical in outline , dark green , pointed to an end; petioles up to 43 cm long. Flowers in an amount up to 25 in one or two inflorescences umbrella on the arrow up to 63 cm long. Bracts four different shapes , variously colored from green to purplish- black. Available from 6 to 26 long filamentous green or purple- green bracts . Sami flowers greenish-white , then darken to violet- black . Fruit up to 4 cm long, triangular or rounded, green , orange-red or purple- black, ribbed brown bean-shaped seeds.
Such clear ( and cold ) botanical description gives no idea of the uniqueness of Tacky Shantre . Better to tell her about those names which it was awarded the growers ‘ black lily “,” bat “,” flower of the devil ” , ” Black Butterfly “,” cat’s whiskers ” .

Since olden times people used as a valuable food product mealy tubers Tacky leontolepestkovidnoy containing a very large number ( 25% ) of starch. Tubers are peeled , scrubbed and thoroughly washed several times with water to remove contained in them bitter and poisonous substance takkalin . The resulting starch is commonly used for baking bread , making paste, halva , for puddings . Sometimes mixed with starch Tacky young coconut juice and used to make medicinal drink . In African countries, and eat the flesh of the berries. In Polynesia fiber stems Tacky leontolepestkovidnoy make hats, and fishing nets . Soft leaves and inflorescences Tacky Shantre eat and prepare medicine from the rhizomes .

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Vrieziya

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Genus is named after the Dutch botanist W. de Vrieza (1806-1862). There are about 250 species of epiphytic, rarely terrestrial herbaceous perennial plant, common in the humid tropics and sub-tropics of Central America (Venezuela) to Argentina and Brazil.

In room culture are more than 150 species. Epiphytic plant, forming a funnel-shaped outlet dense leaves. Gives special decorative plant spike inflorescence – a high direct spike immediately apparent tight to each other bright bracts.

Vrieziya abroad – one of the favorite plants to bloom for the New Year and Christmas, it is widely used in various compositions and the New Year at registration teplichek, storefronts, florariumov, epiphytic trees. In a culture known garden forms with a variety of colored leaves. Yellow flowers decorated bright red decorative bracts. The plant is used in a group of flower arrangements.

Bilbergiya

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Of all the bromeliads bilbergii most unpretentious. Do not require high humidity, are not afraid of drafts. Like most bromeliads bilbergii poured directly into a socket, but only if the temperature is above 20 ° C, at lower temperatures merely moistened soil in pots. Watering must be used well otstoennuyu tap water at room temperature. Unpretentious bilbergiyu fed only once (preferably liquid fertilizer containing guano), and only after flowering. Propagated by side shoots, which are separated from the parent socket. Detachable shoots should be half the size of the parent points and have more opportunities on their own roots.

First flowering can be expected in about three years. Some time after flowering rosette dies, and from the creeping stem or rhizome grows a new plant to bloom the following season. The old plant produced many uzkovoronkovidnyh sockets, which are often in bloom at the same time. 1-2 months after flowering is recommended to cut off the old plug.

Aralia (Fats)

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Aralia (Fats) in his native Korea, China reaches a height of 5 m It can be a tree, and in your room. Aralia is growing rapidly, like good lighting, but easy to carry and the lack of it. In summer the plant is better to put away from the southern window. To Aralia grew lush and full of branches should be cut annually ends of the shoots. Aralia loves spraying, but waterlogging and soil acidification leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off.

Aralia can be formed from a tree in the form of palm trees. To do this, first regularly prune the side shoots on trunks, and when the plant reaches the desired height, crown prishipnite and begin to form the crown.

On Aralia can be vaccinated plush, its close relative.

Aralia breed terminal cuttings in summer.

Fuchsia

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Genus of about 100 species of deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs, and a few perennials, from mountainous areas of Central and South America and New Zealand. There are more than 8,000 hybrids and cultivars. Fuchsia is a good plant for a hanging pot. In the house they need bright light but outside provide some shade. Provide an evenly moist soil and use a house plant fertilizer according to label directions. Fuchsia prefers cool temperatures, preferably below 70 degrees. Ideal temperatures are 60 to 65 degrees during the day and 50 to 55 degrees at night. Plants grown outside during the summer must be brought inside before the first fall frost. Excessively large plants may be cut back to 6 inch stubs in late fall or early winter. Fuchsia may be rested during the winter. Resting plants are pruned back and run quite dry until February, when normal watering is begun. Hot and dry weather causes flower bud drop. Regular training and pruning are necessary to keep the plant free-flowerinf and shapely. With young plants pinch out the stem tips to promote bushly growth to induce bud formation.
Average warmth in summer – minimum 55F in winter.Brightly lit spot. Keep well away from direct sunlight. Grow in soilless or soil-based potting mix.
Keep compost moist at all times but never waterlogged. Reduce watering in winter. Misting is necessary.
Take softwood stem cuttings in spring or semi-ripe cuttings in late summer. Sow seed at 59-75 F (15-24 C) in spring.

Medinilla

Medinilla
Genus of about 150 species of evergreen shrubs and scandent climbers, some epiphytic, from rainforest in tropical Africa, S.E.Asia, and the Pacific.
Medinilla magnifica is the only species grown as a houseplant. This erect shrub to 6 ft (1.8 m) tall is usually found as an epiphyte in its Philippine homeland. Its stems may be ribbed or even winged and its rich glossy green leaves grow to about 12in (30cm) long and have obvious paler veins. Its small pink flowers are produced throughout spring and summer in long pendulous panicles to 18 in (45 cm); these are made even more obvious because of the large pink bracts attached to the flower clusters.
Plant in rich, moist, well-drained, humus-rich soil in part-shade. Medinilla will not tolerate winter minimums below 64°F (18°C). Keep away from direct sun.
Water and feed well in the growing season. Water sparingly in winter. Mist leaves frequently, or stand pot on a pebble tray. Do not allow soil to dry out.
Take stem cuttings in spring. Use a rooting hormone and provide bottom heat. Sow seed.

Jasminum

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Genus of more than 200 species of deciduous and evergreen shrums and climbers from woodland, scrub, and rocky places in tropical and temperate regions, in Europe, Asia, and Africa. Jasmine can be thought of as an evergreen, branching vine that can be trained as a shrub, or as a spreading, vine-like shrub. It usually appears as an open, spreading, weeping mound, 5-10′ tall and just as wide. The stems and leaves are covered with a downy pubescence that gives the plant an overall grayish-green appearance. The leaves are ovate and rounded at the base, up to 2″ long, and opposite each other on the stem. The white, clustered, star-shaped flowers appear nearly year-round and are not as fragrant as other jasmines. There are several Jasmines which can be grown as house plants – all are climbers which bear flowers in clusters. The compost should never be allowed to dry out.
Average warmth in summer – minimum 60 F in winter.Brightly lit spot. Keep well away from direct sunlight. Grow in soil-based potting mix.
Keep compost moist at all times but never waterlogged. Reduce watering in winter. Use soft, tepid water. Misting is necessary.
Take semi-ripe stem cuttings in spring. Layer in autumn.

Abutilon

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Genus of about 150 species of evergreen and deciduous shrubs, small trees, perennials and annuals from tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia and North and South America. Commonly known as the Flowering Maple, these tropical and semi-tropical shrubs or plants are prized for their rapid growth and plentiful, long-lasting blossoms. Some species have maple-like leaves and shape. Protect from afternoon sun in warm climates. Easily started from greenwood cuttings in autumn. Stake young plants. Water often during growing/blooming season and less frequently at other times. Pinch growing tips and prune in early spring to promote bushy growth. The plant drops its lower leaves if not properly fed. The flowering response is not sensitive to day length.
Average warmth. Keep cool (10-15C or 50-60F) in winter. Choose a well-lit spot – a few hours sunlight every day is benefical. Grow in soil-based potting mix.
Water liberally from spring to late autumn. Water sparingly in winter. Mist leaves occasionally.
Take stem cuttings or sow seed at 59-64 F (15-18 C) in spring.
Evergreen or semievergreen shrub with slender, arching shoots. Pendent, bell-shaped flowers, to 1.5″ (4 cm) long, with yellow petals and purple stamens, protruding from red calyces, are borne along the young shoots from summer to autumn. Native to Brazil.

Cattleya

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Genus of about 40 species of evergreen, epiphytic orchids from dry coastak areas to altitudes of 7000 ft (2000 m), often found along mountain streams, in Central and South America. Epiphyptic and epilitic plants with overground rhizomes. Easily bred with genus Laelia, Brassia, Sophronitis. All Cattleya grow in the wild on trees and cliffs. They have usually long spindle-shaped pseudo-bulbs, on the ends of which 1-3 hard leaves are located. The top inflorescence, carrying from 1 to tens of flowers, coming out of the base, covering buds. The blooming of an inflorecence continues 2-3 weeks (sometimes up to 1.5 months). Good in cuttings.
Grow in orchid potting mix in a hanging basket. The inflorescence should remain above the mix when the plant is potted. Cattleyas can withstand hot weather if adequate ventilation and humidity are provided. They do best when the temperature is between 65°F and 75°F in the day and between 58°F. to 62°F. at night. The temperature differential is especially important for flowering.
Do not water in the winter, but spray regularly. Cattleyas can withstand hot weather if adequate ventilation and humidity are provided.
Divide when the plant overflows its container, or remove at least 4 backbulbs and pot up separately.
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Campanula

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Genus of about 300 species of annuals, biennials, and perennials, some of which are evergreen. Campanula (The Italian Bellflower) is one of the best of all summer-flowering trailing plants. Excellent for containers and hanging baskets. The blooms are clustered at the tips of the stems, and one of the secrets of success for prolonging the display is to remove the flowers once they have faded. Campanula is an easy to grow plant. Once flowering is over, cut back the stems and keep cool and fairly dry during the winter rest period.
Warm – minimum 55 F in winter. As much light as possible. Shade from hot sun.
Keep compost moist at all times – reduce watering in winter. Mist leaves frequently.
Take stem cuttings in spring.
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