Mysterious ” brunette ”
Once the Internet came across a very strange and gloomy idea how to create a flower bed in the Gothic style . Copyright advised to fill the garden instead of boring pansies and marigolds ” magical ” plants, which, according to legend, served as a refuge for evil spirits , witches and elves. Exacerbate the effects of the proposed planting plants with black flowers and leaves .
The idea seemed eerie . Medieval horror, mystery cemetery , Straseni view of modern ready – this is not for the average grower cheerful . But the desire to “play” with unusual black flowers since haunted .
First interest in plants with black leaves and flowers worn purely theoretical nature : I wanted to see how many of these plants and how they can be used in the garden. Lucky because came across a great book Black Magic and Purple Passion (« Black Magic and Purple Passion” ) . It turned out that the author , an Englishwoman Karen Platt – owner of the world’s only nursery specializing in the sale of dark-colored plants.
Unsurpassed expert and tireless promoter of black plants, Karen Platt not only grows a huge amount of ” terriers “, writes about them books and lectured all over the world, but also established the International Society for lovers of black plants (International Black Plant Society). The main objectives of the society : the exchange of experience growing plants of dark , searching for new plants in his beloved black scheme and their “promotion” in the world.
And own garden, and gardens , projected to order, Karen Platt draws with a large number of “black” trees, shrubs and flowers. However, she claims that their black color is not dark, and “mysterious , indulgent, elegant , trendy and nostalgic at the same time .” And ” sexy .”
The book describes 2750 “dark” plants, so that the choice is huge , and “play” with what will be .
Cerny there really black? Of course not. Opportunities pigment system of plants is very high , but this painting petals she can not provide. However, many ornamental plants are so dark blue , dark brown and dark cherry flowers, they really look black .
Outdoor practice has shown that cultivation of plants with black flowers – some fun , because it allows you to create and flower gardens , and floral composition with amazing combinations. The simplest solution and the most common – a combination of white and black colors. Such contrasting compositions are always very curious in terms of style : they are solemn , they are characterized by dramatic and philosophical simplicity. After all, our whole life is full of contrasts .
Tacca holophylla (Tacca integrifolia), or “white bat .” The plant belongs to the family takkovye (Taccaceae), native to India and Malaysia. It was first described in the early XIX century.
This plant is really striking . Tremendous rosette of broad glossy leaves, absolutely amazing shape , just fantastic flower. Flower Tucci in this arrow length is 80-100 cm, and crowned her whether huge butterfly , or strange bird with two covers – “wings” , each of which is 15-18 cm in width from under these “wings” peep real Tacky flowers like purple bells . A complete a picture long (50-60 cm) bracts threadlike strand dark purple ( in some forms , they can be white ) hanging down.
The most interesting houseplant with black flowers – it Shantre Tacca .
Yes, the original flower , similar to Tuck holophylla , but smaller. Yes, the blackest black , but it is very gloomy.
Tacca Shantre was opened relatively recently, in the late XIX century. Title in 1901 received from the French botanist , very famous landscape designer and architect Edward Andre. And he named it in honor of his friends , brothers Shantre French gardeners .
Rhode Tacca ( TASS) has about ten species, of which nine – the inhabitants of the Old World tropics , and only one species – Tacca Parker ( T. parkeri), native to tropical South America (Venezuela , Guyana , Colombia and Northern Brazil) . Tacky leontolepestkovidnoy area ( T. leontopetaloides) extends from the west coast of tropical Africa to Easter Island , including Madagascar , Seychelles and Mascarene Islands , South West and South Asia , the island of Sri Lanka, Malaise , Northern Australia and the Pacific Islands . Eight species live mainly in South and Southeast Asia : Eastern India, Bangladesh , Thailand, South China, the Malay Peninsula , Sumatra and Kalimantan , in the western part of Java Island .
In nature, a rare flower , some botanists say about him as a vanishing . It should be noted that of the flower lovers still a rarity .
If you do decide to settle at home these tropical beauties , remember: they are all beautiful and very capricious. That’s the minimum that you need to know to Tacky you accustomed.
First, very Tacky need high humidity, then all good – from frequent spraying with warm water and a soft wide open containers of water on the window sill to the steam generators or separate small hothouses .
Second, much attention should be paid to the root system of plants , because roots tend to rot Tuck in adverse conditions. The pot should match the size of the root system of the plant . Tacky is needed for planting loose, air-and water-permeable substrate , the reaction mixture should be slightly acidic . Watering is very neat : the substrate must dry out slightly between hydrated.
Third, the light must be provided for Tacky scattered , western orientation window is best . My personal experience has shown that very beneficial Tacke weak supplementary lighting red LEDs .
And Tacke need a period of winter dormancy : temperature 20 ° C, moderate watering , good circulation of humidified air .
Tacca dislikes annual transplant ( recommended to do it in two or three years) , the excess nitrogen fertilizer , drafts , direct sunlight , excessive heat in summer and cold in winter . In short, if you do not have sufficient experience in floriculture and mass leisure time indulging the whims of exotic beauties, do as I : admire this amazing creation in a botanical garden .
Tacca Shantre – a perennial plant with a strong vertical rhizome up to 10 cm long. Leaves, which at 3-12 in basal rosette , diverse forms , but often oblong-ovate or elliptical in outline , dark green , pointed to an end; petioles up to 43 cm long. Flowers in an amount up to 25 in one or two inflorescences umbrella on the arrow up to 63 cm long. Bracts four different shapes , variously colored from green to purplish- black. Available from 6 to 26 long filamentous green or purple- green bracts . Sami flowers greenish-white , then darken to violet- black . Fruit up to 4 cm long, triangular or rounded, green , orange-red or purple- black, ribbed brown bean-shaped seeds.
Such clear ( and cold ) botanical description gives no idea of the uniqueness of Tacky Shantre . Better to tell her about those names which it was awarded the growers ‘ black lily “,” bat “,” flower of the devil ” , ” Black Butterfly “,” cat’s whiskers ” .
Since olden times people used as a valuable food product mealy tubers Tacky leontolepestkovidnoy containing a very large number ( 25% ) of starch. Tubers are peeled , scrubbed and thoroughly washed several times with water to remove contained in them bitter and poisonous substance takkalin . The resulting starch is commonly used for baking bread , making paste, halva , for puddings . Sometimes mixed with starch Tacky young coconut juice and used to make medicinal drink . In African countries, and eat the flesh of the berries. In Polynesia fiber stems Tacky leontolepestkovidnoy make hats, and fishing nets . Soft leaves and inflorescences Tacky Shantre eat and prepare medicine from the rhizomes .